The important part of the diabetes management program is regular exercise. The benefits of exercise are the same for everyone, whether they suffer from diabetes or not. Improved physical fitness, increased emotional state, weight control and increased work capacity are all benefits of sports.
Diabetics exercises increase glucose absorption with muscle cells, potentially reducing insulin needs. Sports also reduce cholesterol and triglycerides, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disorders. People with diabetes must consult with their main health providers before starting or changing the training program.
The ability to maintain training programs is influenced by many different factors, including levels of fatigue and glucose. It is important to assess the normal diabetes lifestyle before building a training program like before planning a diet. The factors that need to be considered include the diabetes of ordinary sports, environment, and community programs. The most enjoyable exercise of the person is probably the person he will continue throughout life.
Everyone with diabetes must follow the guidelines set by there when doing a training program. This includes the right use of footwear, checking your feet every day and after exercising, avoid exercise in extreme or cold heat, and avoid exercising during a bad glucose control period. Furthermore, it would recommend that people over 35 years have an electrocardiogram of stresses before starting the training program.
Exercise for type 1 diabetics.
In people with type 1 diabetes, glycemic response during exercise varies according to the type, intensity, and duration of the exercise. Other factors that affect responses include training time in relation to food and injection insulin, and the time of the day of activities. Unless these factors are integrated into the exercise program, people with type 1 diabetes have an increased risk of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. The following are some general guidelines for the training program.
• People who often hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia must avoid prolonged exercises until glucose control improves.
• The risk of sports-induced hypoglycemia is the lowest before breakfast, when free insulin levels tend to be lower than before eating later or before going to bed.
• Low impact aerobic exercises are encouraged.
• Sports must be moderate and orderly; Short training, intense tends to cause mild hyperglycemia, and prolonged exercise can cause hypoglycemia.
• Exercising at the point of peak insulin action can cause hypoglycemia.
• Monitoring of blood glucose levels is very important both before and after exercise.
• Food intake may need to be upgraded to compensate for activity.
• Fluid intake, especially water, very important.
Young adults can continue to participate in sports with several modifications in the diet and dose of insulin. Athletes must start practicing slowly, expanding activity during a prolonged period, taking carbohydrate sources such as energy drinks after about one hour of sports, and monitor blood glucose levels for possible adjustments.
Besides that snacks must be available after the activity is complete. It may be necessary to eliminate ordinary regular insulin doses before athletics; Even if athletes are hyperglycemic at the beginning of the event, blood glucose levels will drop normally after the training of 60 to the first 90 minutes.
Exercise for type 2 diabetics.
The training program for type 2 diabetes is very different. The benefits of regular exercise include weight loss in those who are overweight, improve glycemic control, improve welfare, socialization with others, and reducing cardiovascular risk factors.
The combination of diet, sports, and weight loss often reduces the need for oral hypoglycemic drugs.